VBScript: Search Active Directory for User

Posted On 2012-03-18 by dwirch
Tags: Active Directory VBScript Scripting Windows Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2003
Views: 12284

Anyone can use Active Directory Users and Computers to search fora user. Just right-click the container you want to search, and select the find option. Easy-peasy, lemon squeezy.

But how can you programmatically search Active Directory? It's pretty straightforward, actually. This VBScript sample will show you a couple of different basic concepts of working with AD.

  • Define search parameters
  • Define ADO databjects for the connections
  • Open a connection to Active Directory
  • Perform an LDAP query
  • Process the results

This code sample may be pretty basic to some folks in the IT world. But remember, there are those that are just starting their journey into the world of technology, and might need a bit of help to get rolling. As such, I've commented the code quite a bit, in order to help understanding of what is going on.

Feel free to ask questions, though. That's why the site is here - answer your questions!

On Error Resume Next


' ***
' *** change these values to search for a different user, or
' *** search in a different domain.
' ***
' *** samAccountName = username to be searched for
' *** MyDomainName = Domain to be searched
' ***

NameToSearchFor = "MyUserName"
MyDomainName = "dc=mydomain,dc=com"

' ***
' *** Make objects
' ***

Set objConnection = CreateObject("ADODB.Connection")
Set objCommand = CreateObject("ADODB.Command")

' ***
' *** Make connection to Active Directory and execute
' ***

objConnection.Provider = ("ADsDSOObject")
objConnection.Open "Active Directory Provider"
objCommand.ActiveConnection = objConnection

objCommand.CommandText = "SELECT samAccountName FROM " & _
"'LDAP://" & MyDomainName & "' " & _
"WHERE samAccountName = '" & MyUserName & "'"

objCommand.Properties("SearchScope") = ADS_SCOPE_SUBTREE

Set objRecordSet = objCommand.Execute

' ***
' *** output the results to the screen
' ***

If objRecordSet.RecordCount = 0 Then

Wscript.Echo MyUserName & " is not in use."


Wscript.Echo MyUserName & " is being used."

End If

About the Author

dwirch has posted a total of 172 articles.


Comments On This Post

By: AnonymousCoward
Date: 2015-07-06

Thanks very much.  this saved my from many hours of headache.  I'm new to Active Directory and this worked perfectly.  Thanks again.

Do you have a thought relating to this post? You can post your comment here. If you have an unrelated question, you can use the Q&A section to ask it.

Or you can drop a note to the administrators if you're not sure where you should post.

Your IP address is:

Before you can post, you need to prove you are human. If you log in, this test goes away.

Beat With A Stick List Returns: By request, BWASL has returned to the site. Free your rage by telling the world about something that really grinds your gears. Add your beating.

Recent Forum Posts

BWASL returns
dwirch posted on May 13, 2017 at about 15:24 in Site News

BWASL returns
dwirch posted on May 13, 2017 at about 8:46 in Site News

Job Spammer: Balashankar Bose Bose
dwirch posted on May 11, 2017 at about 10:05 in Spammers

Job Spammer: Bharti Jigyasi
dwirch posted on May 11, 2017 at about 7:58 in Spammers

List of Shady Characters
dwirch posted on April 25, 2017 at about 16:39 in Webmaster Stuff

Job Spammer: Bilal Uddin
dwirch posted on April 25, 2017 at about 11:00 in Spammers