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Install Roles on Windows via PowerShell

Posted On 2014-02-03 by dwirch
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Tags: Scripting Tutorial Tip Windows Server 2012 Windows Windows Server 2008
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Just because you don't have a GUI on your Windows Server 2012 doesn't mean you can't install roles and features at will. Use PowerShell, and the job gets easy.

Now  let's get something straight right away.  Ideally, you'll be administering your servers, core or otherwise, via an MMC or other remote interface.  You should never have to log on to the machine at the console or via RDP except if connectivity is borked for some reason. Use your MMC or PowerShell skillz.  Trust me, it's a good thing. 

The Basics

Installing a role or feature on a Windows Server via PowerShell is very straightfoward.  Check out the following command:

Install-WindowsFeature -Name Web-Server -IncludeAllSubFeature

See, I told you it was pretty easy.  That command will install the web server role/feature, with all sub-features required for it.  It's a lot easier than typing this at the PowerShell prompt:

install-windowsfeature -name web-server,web-http-redirect,web-custom-logging,web-log-libraries,web-log-libraries,web-dyn-compression,web-basic-auth,web-digest-auth,web-ip-security,web-url-auth,web-windows-auth,web-mgmt-console,BITS,BITS-IIS-Ext,BITS-Compact-Server

How Does this Help?

Using this new found knowledge, we can include this in a script file to deploy a role or feature to a group of servers.  Here's an example that will deploy Hyper-V to six servers:

$ServerList = ("WebServer01,"WebServer02","WebServer03","WebServer04","WebServer05","WebServer06")
foreach ($ServerName in $ServerList) {Install-WindowsFeature –Name Hyper-V -ComputerName $ServerName}

Using this short script, you could develop a larger script that would configure a series of servers.  For example, you could build a script or set of scripts that would deploy a three-tier appllication which includes a web server, an application server, and a database server complete with SQL.

I've included a table with this post (below) of roles and features aviailable, but you can also pop out a nice nested list within the PowerShell console to get a list of roles and features available, as well as which ones are currently enabled, by using this command:

Get-WindowsFeature

Have fun, and happy scripting!  Remember, scripting is not lazy, it's smart.  It lets you do things faster and more accurately.  Just remember to check your variable values, and test test test.

Windows Server Role and Feature Names for PowerShell

Name Display Name Description
AD-Certificate Active Directory Certificate Services Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) is used to create certification authorities and related role services that allow you to issue and manage certificates used in a variety of applications.
ADCS-Cert-Authority Certification Authority Certification Authority (CA) is used to issue and manage certificates. Multiple CAs can be linked to form a public key infrastructure.
ADCS-Enroll-Web-Pol Certificate Enrollment Policy Web Service The Certificate Enrollment Policy Web Service enables users and computers to obtain certificate enrollment policy information even when the computer is not a member of a domain or if a domain-joined computer is temporarily outside the security boundary of the corporate network. The Certificate Enrollment Policy Web Service works with the Certificate Enrollment Web Service to provide policy-based automatic certificate enrollment for these users and computers.
ADCS-Enroll-Web-Svc Certificate Enrollment Web Service The Certificate Enrollment Web Service enables users and computers to enroll for and renew certificates even when the computer is not a member of a domain or if a domain-joined computer is temporarily outside the security boundary of the computer network. The Certificate Enrollment Web Service works together with the Certificate Enrollment Policy Web Service to provide policy-based automatic certificate enrollment for these users and computers.
ADCS-Web-Enrollment Certification Authority Web Enrollment Certification Authority Web Enrollment provides a simple Web interface that allows users to perform tasks such as request and renew certificates, retrieve certificate revocation lists (CRLs), and enroll for smart card certificates.
ADCS-Device-Enrollment Network Device Enrollment Service Network Device Enrollment Service makes it possible to issue and manage certificates for routers and other network devices that do not have network accounts.
ADCS-Online-Cert Online Responder Online Responder makes certificate revocation checking data accessible to clients in complex network environments.
AD-Domain-Services Active Directory Domain Services Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) stores information about objects on the network and makes this information available to users and network administrators. AD DS uses domain controllers to give network users access to permitted resources anywhere on the network through a single logon process.
ADFS-Federation Active Directory Federation Services Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) provides simplified, secured identity federation and Web single sign-on (SSO) capabilities. AD FS includes a Federation Service that enables browser-based Web SSO.
ADLDS Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) provides a store for application-specific data, for directory-enabled applications that do not require the infrastructure of Active Directory Domain Services. Multiple instances of AD LDS can exist on a single server, each of which can have its own schema.
ADRMS Active Directory Rights Management Services Active Directory Rights Management Services (AD RMS) helps you protect information from unauthorized use. AD RMS establishes the identity of users and provides authorized users with licenses for protected information.
ADRMS-Server Active Directory Rights Management Server Active Directory Rights Management Services (AD RMS) helps you protect information from unauthorized use. AD RMS establishes the identity of users and provides authorized users with licenses for protected information.
ADRMS-Identity Identity Federation Support Identity Federation Support leverages federated trust relationships between your organization and other organizations to establish user identities and provide access to protected information created by either organization. For example, a trust created with Active Directory Federation Services can be used to establish user identities for AD RMS.
Application-Server Application Server Application Server provides central management and hosting of high-performance distributed business applications such as those built with Enterprise Services and .NET Framework 4.5
AS-NET-Framework .NET Framework 4.5 .NET Framework 4.5 provides a comprehensive and consistent programming model for quickly and easily building and running applications that are built for various platforms including desktop PCs, Servers, smart phones and the public and private cloud.
AS-Ent-Services COM+ Network Access COM+ Network Access enables Application Server to host and allow remote invocation of applications built with COM+ or Enterprise Services components.
AS-Dist-Transaction Distributed Transactions Distributed Transactions provides services that help complete transactions over multiple databases hosted on multiple computers on the network. This results in high-performance business applications that are more resilient and reliable.
AS-WS-Atomic WS-Atomic Transactions WS-Atomic Transactions provides distributed transaction support using Web services Atomic Transactions (WS-AT) protocol.
AS-Incoming-Trans Incoming Network Transactions Incoming Remote Transactions allows a remote computer to flow transactions to the local computer.
AS-Outgoing-Trans Outgoing Network Transactions Outgoing Remote Transactions allows the local computer to flow transactions to a remote computer.
AS-TCP-Port-Sharing TCP Port Sharing TCP Port Sharing allows multiple net.tcp applications to share a single TCP port. Consequently, these applications can coexist on the same physical computer in separate, isolated processes, while sharing the network infrastructure required to send and receive traffic over a TCP port, such as port 808.
AS-Web-Support Web Server (IIS) Support Web Server (IIS) Support enables Application Server to host internal or external Web sites and Web services that communicate over HTTP. It includes support for ASP.NET applications that can be accessed via a Web browser such as Internet Explorer, and Web services built using Windows Communication Foundation (WCF).
AS-WAS-Support Windows Process Activation Service Support Windows Process Activation Service Support enables Application Server to invoke applications remotely over the network using protocols such as HTTP, Message Queuing, TCP, and named pipes. Consequently, applications can start and stop dynamically in response to incoming work items, resulting in application hosting that is more robust, manageable, and efficient.
AS-HTTP-Activation HTTP Activation HTTP Activation supports process activation via HTTP. Applications that use HTTP Activation can start and stop dynamically in response to work items that arrive over the network via HTTP.
AS-MSMQ-Activation Message Queuing Activation Message Queuing Activation supports process activation via Message Queuing. Applications that use Message Queuing Activation can start and stop dynamically in response to work items that arrive over the network via Message Queuing.
AS-Named-Pipes Named Pipes Activation Named Pipes Activation supports process activation via named pipes. Applications that use Named Pipes Activation can start and stop dynamically in response to work items that arrive over the network via named pipes.
AS-TCP-Activation TCP Activation TCP Activation supports process activation via TCP. Applications that use TCP Activation can start and stop dynamically in response to work items that arrive over the network via TCP.
DHCP DHCP Server Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Server enables you to centrally configure, manage, and provide temporary IP addresses and related information for client computers.
DNS DNS Server Domain Name System (DNS) Server provides name resolution for TCP/IP networks. DNS Server is easier to manage when it is installed on the same server as Active Directory Domain Services. If you select the Active Directory Domain Services role, you can install and configure DNS Server and Active Directory Domain Services to work together.
Fax Fax Server Fax Server sends and receives faxes and allows you to manage fax resources such as jobs, settings, reports, and fax devices on this computer or on the network.
FileAndStorage-Services File and Storage Services File and Storage Services includes services that are always installed, as well as functionality that you can install to help manage file servers and storage.
File-Services File and iSCSI Services File and iSCSI Services provides technologies that help you manage file servers and storage, reduce disk space utilization, replicate and cache files to branch offices, move or fail over a file share to another cluster node, and share files by using the NFS protocol.
FS-FileServer File Server File Server manages shared folders and enables users to access files on this computer from the network.
FS-BranchCache BranchCache for Network Files BranchCache for Network Files provides support for BranchCache on this file server. BranchCache is a wide area network (WAN) bandwidth optimization technology that caches content from your main office content servers at branch office locations, allowing client computers at branch offices to access the content locally rather than over the WAN. After you complete installation, you must share folders and enable hash generation for shared folders by using Group Policy or Local Computer Policy.
FS-Data-Deduplication Data Deduplication Data Deduplication saves disk space by storing a single copy of identical data on the volume.
FS-DFS-Namespace DFS Namespaces DFS Namespaces enables you to group shared folders located on different servers into one or more logically structured namespaces. Each namespace appears to users as a single shared folder with a series of subfolders. However, the underlying structure of the namespace can consist of numerous shared folders located on different servers and in multiple sites.
FS-DFS-Replication DFS Replication DFS Replication is a multimaster replication engine that enables you to synchronize folders on multiple servers across local or wide area network (WAN) network connections. It uses the Remote Differential Compression (RDC) protocol to update only the portions of files that have changed since the last replication. DFS Replication can be used in conjunction with DFS Namespaces, or by itself.
FS-Resource-Manager File Server Resource Manager File Server Resource Manager helps you manage and understand the files and folders on a file server by scheduling file management tasks and storage reports, classifying files and folders, configuring folder quotas, and defining file screening policies.
FS-VSS-Agent File Server VSS Agent Service File Server VSS Agent Service enables you to perform volume shadow copies of applications that store data files on this file server.
FS-iSCSITarget-Server iSCSI Target Server iSCSI Target Server provides services and management tools for iSCSI targets.
iSCSITarget-VSS-VDS iSCSI Target Storage Provider (VDS and VSS hardware providers) iSCSI Target Storage Provider enables applications on a server that are connected to an iSCSI target to perform volume shadow copies of data on iSCSI virtual disks. It also enables you to manage iSCSI virtual disks by using older applications that require a Virtual Disk Service (VDS) hardware provider, such as the Diskraid command.
FS-NFS-Service Server for NFS Server for NFS enables this computer to share files with UNIX-based computers and other computers that use the network file system (NFS) protocol.
FS-SyncShareService Work Folders Work Folders provides a way to use work files from a variety of computers, including work and personal devices. You can use Work Folders to host user files and keep them synchronized - whether users access their files from inside the network or from across the Internet.
Storage-Services Storage Services Storage Services provides storage management functionality that is always installed and cannot be removed.
Hyper-V Hyper-V Hyper-V provides the services that you can use to create and manage virtual machines and their resources. Each virtual machine is a virtualized computer system that operates in an isolated execution environment. This allows you to run multiple operating systems simultaneously.
NPAS Network Policy and Access Services Network Policy and Access Services provides Network Policy Server (NPS), Health Registration Authority (HRA), and Host Credential Authorization Protocol (HCAP), which help safeguard the health and security of your network.
NPAS-Policy-Server Network Policy Server Network Policy Server (NPS) allows you to create and enforce organization-wide network access policies for client health, connection request authentication, and connection request authorization. With NPS, you can also deploy Network Access Protection (NAP), a client health policy creation, enforcement, and remediation technology.
NPAS-Health Health Registration Authority Health Registration Authority (HRA) issues health certificates to NAP client computers that are compliant with network health requirements.
NPAS-Host-Cred Host Credential Authorization Protocol Host Credential Authorization Protocol (HCAP) allows you to integrate your Microsoft Network Access Protection (NAP) solution with Cisco Network Access Control. When you deploy HCAP with Network Policy Server (NPS) and NAP, NPS can perform the authorization of Cisco Network Access Control clients.
Print-Services Print and Document Services Print and Document Services enables you to centralize print server and network printer management tasks. With this role, you can also receive scanned documents from network scanners and route the documents to a shared network resource, Windows SharePoint Services site, or e-mail addresses.
Print-Server Print Server Print Server includes the Print Management snap-in, which is used for managing multiple printers or print servers and migrating printers to and from other Windows print servers.
Print-Scan-Server Distributed Scan Server Distributed Scan Server provides the service which receives scanned documents from network scanners and routes them to the correct destinations. It also includes the Scan Management snap-in, which you can use to manage network scanners and configure scan processes.
Print-Internet Internet Printing Internet Printing creates a Web site where users can manage print jobs on the server. It also enables users who have Internet Printing Client installed to use a Web browser to connect and print to shared printers on this server by using the Internet Printing Protocol (IPP).
Print-LPD-Service LPD Service Line Printer Daemon (LPD) Service enables UNIX-based computers or other computers using the Line Printer Remote (LPR) service to print to shared printers on this server.
RemoteAccess Remote Access Remote Access provides seamless connectivity through DirectAccess, VPN, and Web Application Proxy. DirectAccess provides an Always On and Always Managed experience. RAS provides traditional VPN services, including site-to-site (branch-office or cloud-based) connectivity. Web Application Proxy enables the publishing of selected HTTP- and HTTPS-based applications from your corporate network to client devices outside of the corporate network. Routing provides traditional routing capabilities, including NAT and other connectivity options. RAS and Routing can be deployed in single-tenant or multi-tenant mode.
DirectAccess-VPN DirectAccess and VPN (RAS) DirectAccess gives users the experience of being seamlessly connected to their corporate network any time they have Internet access. With DirectAccess, mobile computers can be managed any time the computer has Internet connectivity, ensuring mobile users stay up-to-date with security and system health policies. VPN uses the connectivity of the Internet plus a combination of tunnelling and data encryption technologies to connect remote clients and remote offices.
Routing Routing Routing provides support for NAT Routers, LAN Routers running BGP, RIP, and multicast capable routers (IGMP Proxy).
Web-Application-Proxy Web Application Proxy Web Application Proxy enables the publishing of selected HTTP- and HTTPS-based applications from your corporate network to client devices outside of the corporate network. It can use AD FS to ensure that users are authenticated before they gain access to published applications. Web Application Proxy also provides proxy functionality for your AD FS servers.
Remote-Desktop-Services Remote Desktop Services Remote Desktop Services enables users to access virtual desktops, session-based desktops, and RemoteApp programs. Use the Remote Desktop Services installation to configure a Virtual machine-based or a Session-based desktop deployment.
RDS-Connection-Broker Remote Desktop Connection Broker Remote Desktop Connection Broker (RD Connection Broker) allows users to reconnect to their existing virtual desktops, RemoteApp programs, and session-based desktops. It enables even load distribution across RD Session Host servers in a session collection or across pooled virtual desktops in a pooled virtual desktop collection, and provides access to virtual desktops in a virtual desktop collection.
RDS-Gateway Remote Desktop Gateway Remote Desktop Gateway (RD Gateway) enables authorized users to connect to virtual desktops, RemoteApp programs, and session-based desktops on the corporate network or over the Internet.
RDS-Licensing Remote Desktop Licensing Remote Desktop Licensing (RD Licensing) manages the licenses required to connect to a Remote Desktop Session Host server or a virtual desktop. You can use RD Licensing to install, issue, and track the availability of licenses.
RDS-RD-Server Remote Desktop Session Host Remote Desktop Session Host (RD Session Host) enables a server to host RemoteApp programs or session-based desktops. Users can connect to RD Session Host servers in a session collection to run programs, save files, and use resources on those servers. Users can access an RD Session Host server by using the Remote Desktop Connection client or by using RemoteApp programs.
RDS-Virtualization Remote Desktop Virtualization Host Remote Desktop Virtualization Host (RD Virtualization Host) enables users to connect to virtual desktops by using RemoteApp and Desktop Connection.
RDS-Web-Access Remote Desktop Web Access Remote Desktop Web Access (RD Web Access) enables users to access RemoteApp and Desktop Connection through the Start menu or through a web browser. RemoteApp and Desktop Connection provides users with a customized view of RemoteApp programs, session-based desktops, and virtual desktops.
VolumeActivation Volume Activation Services Volume Activation Services enables you to automate and simplify the management of Key Management Service (KMS) host keys and the volume key activation infrastructure for a network. With this service you can install and manage a KMS host, or configure Microsoft Active Directory-Based Activation to provide volume activation for domain-joined systems.
Web-Server Web Server (IIS) Web Server (IIS) provides a reliable, manageable, and scalable Web application infrastructure.
Web-WebServer Web Server Web Server provides support for HTML Web sites and optional support for ASP.NET, ASP, and Web server extensions. You can use the Web Server to host an internal or external Web site or to provide an environment for developers to create Web-based applications.
Web-Common-Http Common HTTP Features Common HTTP Features supports basic HTTP functionality, such as delivering standard file formats and configuring custom server properties. Use Common HTTP Features to create custom error messages, to configure how the server responds to requests that do not specify a document, or to automatically redirect some requests to a different location.
Web-Default-Doc Default Document Default Document lets you configure a default file for the Web server to return when users do not specify a file in a request URL. Default documents make it easier and more convenient for users to reach your Web site.
Web-Dir-Browsing Directory Browsing Directory Browsing lets users to see the contents of a directory on your Web server. Use Directory Browsing to enable an automatically generated list of all directories and files available in a directory when users do not specify a file in a request URL and default documents are either disabled or not configured.
Web-Http-Errors HTTP Errors HTTP Errors allows you to customize the error messages returned to users' browsers when the Web server detects a fault condition. Use HTTP errors to provide users with a better user experience when they run up against an error message. Consider providing users with an e-mail address for staff who can help them resolve the error.
Web-Static-Content Static Content Static Content allows the Web server to publish static Web file formats, such as HTML pages and image files. Use Static Content to publish files on your Web server that users can then view using a Web browser.
Web-Http-Redirect HTTP Redirection HTTP Redirection provides support to redirect user requests to a specific destination. Use HTTP redirection whenever you want customers who might use one URL to actually end up at another URL. This is helpful in many situations, from simply renaming your Web site, to overcoming a domain name that is difficult to spell, or forcing clients to use a secure channel.
Web-DAV-Publishing WebDAV Publishing WebDAV Publishing (Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning) enables you to publish files to and from a Web server by using the HTTP protocol. Because WebDAV uses HTTP, it works through most firewalls without modification.
Web-Health Health and Diagnostics Health and Diagnostics provides infrastructure to monitor, manage, and troubleshoot the health of Web servers, sites, and applications.
Web-Http-Logging HTTP Logging HTTP Logging provides logging of Web site activity for this server. When a loggable event, usually an HTTP transaction, occurs, IIS calls the selected logging module, which then writes to one of the logs stored in the file system of the Web server. These logs are in addition to those provided by the operating system.
Web-Custom-Logging Custom Logging Custom Logging provides support for logging Web server activity in a format that differs considerably from the manner in which IIS generates log files. Use custom to create your own logging module. Custom logging modules are added to IIS by registering a new COM component that implements ILogPlugin or ILogPluginEx.
Web-Log-Libraries Logging Tools Logging Tools provides infrastructure to manage Web server logs and automate common logging tasks.
Web-ODBC-Logging ODBC Logging ODBC Logging provides infrastructure that supports logging Web server activity to an ODBC-compliant database. With a logging database, you can programmatically display and manipulate data from the logging database on an HTML page. You might do this to search logs for specific events to call out user defined events that you want to monitor.
Web-Request-Monitor Request Monitor Request Monitor provides infrastructure to monitor Web application health by capturing information about HTTP requests in an IIS worker process. Administrators and developers can use Request Monitor to understand which HTTP requests are executing in a worker process when the worker process has become unresponsive or very slow.
Web-Http-Tracing Tracing Tracing provides infrastructure to diagnose and troubleshoot Web applications. With failed request tracing, you can troubleshoot difficult to capture events like poor performance, or authentication related failures. This feature buffers trace events for a request and only flushes them to disk if the request falls into a user-configured error condition.
Web-Performance Performance Performance provides infrastructure for output caching by integrating the dynamic output-caching capabilities of ASP.NET with the static output-caching capabilities that were present in IIS 6.0. IIS also lets you use bandwidth more effectively and efficiently by using common compression mechanisms such as Gzip and Deflate.
Web-Stat-Compression Static Content Compression Static Content Compression provides infrastructure to configure HTTP compression of static content. This allows more efficient use of bandwidth. Unlike dynamic responses, compressed static responses can be cached without degrading CPU resources.
Web-Dyn-Compression Dynamic Content Compression Dynamic Content Compression provides infrastructure to configure HTTP compression of dynamic content. Enabling dynamic compression always gives you more efficient utilization of bandwidth, but if your server's processor utilization is already very high, the CPU load imposed by dynamic compression might make your site perform more slowly.
Web-Security Security Security provides infrastructure for securing the Web server from users and requests. IIS supports multiple authentication methods. Pick an appropriate authentication scheme based upon the role of the server. Filter all incoming requests, rejecting without processing requests that match user defined values, or restrict requests based on originating address space.
Web-Filtering Request Filtering Request Filtering screens all incoming requests to the server and filters these requests based on rules set by the administrator. Many malicious attacks share common characteristics, like extremely long requests, or requests for an unusual action. By filtering requests, you can attempt to mitigate the impact of these type attacks.
Web-Basic-Auth Basic Authentication Basic authentication offers strong browser compatibility. Appropriate for small internal networks, this authentication method is rarely used on the public Internet. Its major disadvantage is that it transmits passwords across the network using an easily decrypted algorithm. If intercepted, these passwords are simple to decipher. Use SSL with Basic authentication.
Web-CertProvider Centralized SSL Certificate Support Centralized SSL Certificate Support enables you to manage SSL server certificates centrally using a file share. Maintaining SSL server certificates on a file share simplifies management since there is one place to manage them.
Web-Client-Auth Client Certificate Mapping Authentication Client Certificate Mapping Authentication uses client certificates to authenticate users. A client certificate is a digital ID from a trusted source. IIS offers two types of authentication using client certificate mapping. This type uses Active Directory to offer one-to-one certificate mappings across multiple Web servers.
Web-Digest-Auth Digest Authentication Digest authentication works by sending a password hash to a Windows domain controller to authenticate users. When you need improved security over Basic authentication, consider using Digest authentication, especially if users who must be authenticated access your Web site from behind firewalls and proxy servers.
Web-Cert-Auth IIS Client Certificate Mapping Authentication IIS Client Certificate Mapping Authentication uses client certificates to authenticate users. A client certificate is a digital ID from a trusted source. IIS offers two types of authentication using client certificate mapping. This type uses IIS to offer one-to-one or many-to-one certificate mapping. Native IIS mapping of certificates offers better performance.
Web-IP-Security IP and Domain Restrictions IP and Domain Restrictions allow you to enable or deny content based upon the originating IP address or domain name of the request. Instead of using groups, roles, or NTFS file system permissions to control access to content, you can specific IP addresses or domain names.
Web-Url-Auth URL Authorization URL Authorization allows you to create rules that restrict access to Web content. You can bind these rules to users, groups, or HTTP header verbs. By configuring URL authorization rules, you can prevent employees who are not members of certain groups from accessing content or interacting with Web pages.
Web-Windows-Auth Windows Authentication Windows authentication is a low cost authentication solution for internal Web sites. This authentication scheme allows administrators in a Windows domain to take advantage of the domain infrastructure for authenticating users. Do not use Windows authentication if users who must be authenticated access your Web site from behind firewalls and proxy servers.
Web-App-Dev Application Development Application Development provides infrastructure for developing and hosting Web applications. Use these features to create Web content or extend the functionality of IIS. These technologies typically provide a way to perform dynamic operations that result in the creation of HTML output, which IIS then sends to fulfill client requests.
Web-Net-Ext .NET Extensibility 3.5 .NET extensibility allows managed code developers to change, add and extend web server functionality in the entire request pipeline, the configuration, and the UI. Developers can use the familiar ASP.NET extensibility model and rich .NET APIs to build Web server features that are just as powerful as those written using the native C++ APIs.
Web-Net-Ext45 .NET Extensibility 4.5 .NET extensibility allows managed code developers to change, add and extend web server functionality in the entire request pipeline, the configuration, and the UI. Developers can use the familiar ASP.NET extensibility model and rich .NET APIs to build Web server features that are just as powerful as those written using the native C++ APIs.
Web-AppInit Application Initialization Application Initialization perform expensive web application initialization tasks before serving web pages.
Web-ASP ASP Active Server Pages (ASP) provides a server side scripting environment for building Web sites and Web applications. Offering improved performance over CGI scripts, ASP provides IIS with native support for both VBScript and JScript. Use ASP if you have existing applications that require ASP support. For new development, consider using ASP.NET.
Web-Asp-Net ASP.NET 3.5 ASP.NET provides a server side object oriented programming environment for building Web sites and Web applications using managed code. ASP.NET is not simply a new version of ASP. Having been entirely re-architected to provide a highly productive programming experience based on the .NET Framework, ASP.NET provides a robust infrastructure for building web applications.
Web-Asp-Net45 ASP.NET 4.5 ASP.NET provides a server side object oriented programming environment for building Web sites and Web applications using managed code. ASP.NET 4.5 is not simply a new version of ASP. Having been entirely re-architected to provide a highly productive programming experience based on the .NET Framework, ASP.NET provides a robust infrastructure for building web applications.
Web-CGI CGI CGI defines how a Web server passes information to an external program. Typical uses might include using a Web form to collect information and then passing that information to a CGI script to be emailed somewhere else. Because CGI is a standard, CGI scripts can be written using a variety of programming languages. The downside to using CGI is the performance overhead.
Web-ISAPI-Ext ISAPI Extensions Internet Server Application Programming Interface (ISAPI) Extensions provides support for dynamic Web content developing using ISAPI extensions. An ISAPI extension runs when requested just like any other static HTML file or dynamic ASP file. Since ISAPI applications are compiled code, they are processed much faster than ASP files or files that call COM+ components.
Web-ISAPI-Filter ISAPI Filters Internet Server Application Programming Interface (ISAPI) Filters provides support for Web applications that use ISAPI filters. ISAPI filters are files that can extend or change the functionality provided by IIS. An ISAPI filter reviews every request made to the Web server, until the filter finds one that it needs to process.
Web-Includes Server Side Includes Server Side Includes (SSI) is a scripting language used to dynamically generate HTML pages. The script runs on the server before the page is delivered to the client and typically involves inserting one file into another. You might create an HTML navigation menu and use SSI to dynamically add it to all pages on a Web site.
Web-WebSockets WebSocket Protocol IIS 8.5 and ASP.NET 4.5 support writing server applications that communicate over the WebSocket Protocol.
Web-Ftp-Server FTP Server FTP Server enables the transfer of files between a client and server by using the FTP protocol. Users can establish an FTP connection and transfer files by using an FTP client or FTP-enabled Web browser.
Web-Ftp-Service FTP Service FTP Service enables FTP publishing on a Web server.
Web-Ftp-Ext FTP Extensibility FTP Extensibility enables support for FTP extensibility features such as custom providers, ASP.NET users or IIS Manager users.
Web-WHC IIS Hostable Web Core IIS Hostable Web Core enables you to write custom code that will host core IIS functionality in your own application. HWC enables your application to serve HTTP requests and use its own applicationHost.config and root web.config configuration files. The HWC application extension is contained in the hwebcore.dll file.
Web-Mgmt-Tools Management Tools Management Tools provide infrastructure to manage a Web server that runs IIS 8. You can use the IIS user interface, command-line tools, and scripts to manage the Web server. You can also edit the configuration files directly.
Web-Mgmt-Console IIS Management Console IIS Management Console provides infrastructure to manage IIS 8 by using a user interface. You can use the IIS management console to manage a local or remote Web server that runs IIS 8. To manage SMTP, you must install and use the IIS 6 Management Console.
Web-Mgmt-Compat IIS 6 Management Compatibility IIS 6 Management Compatibility provides forward compatibility for your applications and scripts that use the two IIS APIs, Admin Base Object (ABO) and Active Directory Service Interface (ADSI). You can use existing IIS 6 scripts to manage the IIS 7 Web server.
Web-Metabase IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility IIS 6 Metabase Compatibility provides infrastructure to query and configure the metabase so that you can run applications and scripts migrated from earlier versions of IIS that use Admin Base Object (ABO) or Active Directory Service Interface (ADSI) APIs.
Web-Lgcy-Mgmt-Console IIS 6 Management Console IIS 6 Management Console provides infrastructure for administration of remote IIS 6.0 servers from this computer.
Web-Lgcy-Scripting IIS 6 Scripting Tools IIS 6 Scripting Tools provide the ability to continue using IIS 6 scripting tools that you built to manage IIS 6 in IIS 7, especially if your applications and scripts that use ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) or Active Directory Service Interface (ADSI) APIs. IIS 6 Scripting Tools require Windows Process Activation Service Configuration API.
Web-WMI IIS 6 WMI Compatibility IIS 6 WMI Compatibility provides Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) scripting interfaces to programmatically manage and automate tasks for IIS 8.5 Web server, from a set of scripts that you created in the WMI provider. This service includes the WMI CIM Studio, WMI Event Registration, WMI Event Viewer, and WMI Object Browser tools to manage sites.
Web-Scripting-Tools IIS Management Scripts and Tools IIS Management Scripts and Tools provide infrastructure to programmatically manage an IIS 7 Web server by using commands in a command window or by running scripts. You can use these tools when you want to automate commands in batch files or when you do not want to incur the overhead of managing IIS by using the user interface.
Web-Mgmt-Service Management Service Management Service allows the Web server to be managed remotely from another computer using IIS Manager.
WDS Windows Deployment Services Windows Deployment Services provides a simplified, secure means of rapidly and remotely deploying Windows operating systems to computers over the network.
WDS-Deployment Deployment Server Deployment Server provides the full functionality of Windows Deployment Services, which you can use to configure and remotely install Windows operating systems. With Windows Deployment Services, you can create and customize images and then use them to reimage computers. Deployment Server is dependent on the core parts of Transport Server.
WDS-Transport Transport Server Transport Server provides a subset of the functionality of Windows Deployment Services. It contains only the core networking parts, which you can use to transmit data using multicasting on a stand-alone server. You should use this role service if you want to transmit data using multicasting, but do not want to incorporate all of Windows Deployment Services.
ServerEssentialsRole Windows Server Essentials Experience Windows Server Essentials Experience sets up the IT infrastructure and provides powerful functions such as PC backups that helps protect data, and Remote Web Access that helps access business information from virtually anywhere.
UpdateServices Windows Server Update Services Windows Server Update Services allows network administrators to specify the Microsoft updates that should be installed, create separate groups of computers for different sets of updates, and get reports on the compliance levels of the computers and the updates that must be installed.
UpdateServices-WidDB WID Database Installs the database used by WSUS into WID.
UpdateServices-Services WSUS Services Installs the services used by Windows Server Update Services: Update Service, the Reporting Web Service, the API Remoting Web Service, the Client Web Service, the Simple Web Authentication Web Service, the Server Synchronization Service, and the DSS Authentication Web Service.
UpdateServices-DB Database Installs the database used by WSUS.
NET-Framework-Features .NET Framework 3.5 Features .NET Framework 3.5 combines the power of the .NET Framework 2.0 APIs with new technologies for building applications that offer appealing user interfaces, protect your customers' personal identity information, enable seamless and secure communication, and provide the ability to model a range of business processes.
NET-Framework-Core .NET Framework 3.5 (includes .NET 2.0 and 3.0) .NET Framework 3.5 combines the power of the .NET Framework 2.0 APIs with new technologies for building applications that offer appealing user interfaces, protect your customers' personal identity information, enable seamless and secure communication, and provide the ability to model a range of business processes.
NET-HTTP-Activation HTTP Activation HTTP Activation supports process activation via HTTP. Applications that use HTTP Activation can start and stop dynamically in response to work items that arrive over the network via HTTP.
NET-Non-HTTP-Activ Non-HTTP Activation Non-HTTP Activation supports process activation via Message Queuing, TCP and named pipes. Applications that use Non-HTTP Activation can start and stop dynamically in response to work items that arrive over the network via Message Queuing, TCP and named pipes.
NET-Framework-45-Features .NET Framework 4.5 Features .NET Framework 4.5 provides a comprehensive and consistent programming model for quickly and easily building and running applications that are built for various platforms including desktop PCs, Servers, smart phones and the public and private cloud.
NET-Framework-45-Core .NET Framework 4.5 .NET Framework 4.5 provides a comprehensive and consistent programming model for quickly and easily building and running applications that are built for various platforms including desktop PCs, Servers, smart phones and the public and private cloud.
NET-Framework-45-ASPNET ASP.NET 4.5 ASP.NET 4.5 provides core support for running ASP.NET 4.5 stand-alone applications as well as applications that are integrated with IIS.
NET-WCF-Services45 WCF Services Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) Activation uses Windows Process Activation Service to invoke applications remotely over the network by using protocols such as HTTP, Message Queuing, TCP, and named pipes. Consequently, applications can start and stop dynamically in response to incoming work items, resulting in application hosting that is more robust, manageable, and efficient.
NET-WCF-HTTP-Activation45 HTTP Activation HTTP Activation supports process activation via HTTP. Applications that use HTTP Activation can start and stop dynamically in response to work items that arrive over the network via HTTP.
NET-WCF-MSMQ-Activation45 Message Queuing (MSMQ) Activation Message Queuing Activation supports process activation via Message Queuing. Applications that use Message Queuing Activation can start and stop dynamically in response to work items that arrive over the network via Message Queuing.
NET-WCF-Pipe-Activation45 Named Pipe Activation Named Pipes Activation supports process activation via named pipes. Applications that use Named Pipes Activation can start and stop dynamically in response to work items that arrive over the network via named pipes.
NET-WCF-TCP-Activation45 TCP Activation TCP Activation supports process activation via TCP. Applications that use TCP Activation can start and stop dynamically in response to work items that arrive over the network via TCP.
NET-WCF-TCP-PortSharing45 TCP Port Sharing TCP Port Sharing allows multiple net.tcp applications to share a single TCP port. Consequently, these applications can coexist on the same physical computer in separate, isolated processes, while sharing the network infrastructure required to send and receive traffic over a TCP port, such as port 808.
BITS Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) asynchronously transfers files in the foreground or background, controls the flow of the transfers to preserve the responsiveness of other network applications, and automatically resumes file transfers after disconnecting from the network or restarting the computer.
BITS-IIS-Ext IIS Server Extension IIS Server Extension allows a computer to receive files uploaded by clients that implement the BITS upload protocol.
BITS-Compact-Server Compact Server BITS Compact Server is a stand-alone HTTPS file server that lets you transfer a limited number of large files asynchronously between computers in the same domain or mutually-trusted domains.
BitLocker BitLocker Drive Encryption BitLocker Drive Encryption helps to protect data on lost, stolen, or inappropriately decommissioned computers by encrypting the entire volume and checking the integrity of early boot components. Data is only decrypted if those components are successfully verified and the encrypted drive is located in the original computer. Integrity checking requires a compatible Trusted Platform Module (TPM).
BitLocker-NetworkUnlock BitLocker Network Unlock BitLocker Network Unlock enables a network-based key protector to be used to automatically unlock BitLocker-protected operating system drives in domain-joined computers when the computer is restarted. This is beneficial if you are doing maintenance operations on computers during non-working hours that require the computer to be restarted to complete the operation.
BranchCache BranchCache BranchCache installs the services required to configure this computer as either a hosted cache server or a BranchCache-enabled content server. If you are deploying a content server, it must also be configured as either a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) web server or a Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS)-based application server. To deploy a BranchCache-enabled file server, use the Add Roles Wizard to install the File Services server role with the File Server and BranchCache for network files role services.
NFS-Client Client for NFS Client for NFS enables this computer to access files on UNIX-based NFS servers. When installed, you can configure a computer to connect to UNIX NFS shares that allow anonymous access.
Data-Center-Bridging Data Center Bridging Data Center Bridging (DCB) is a suite of IEEE standards that are used to enhance Ethernet local area networks by providing hardware-based bandwidth guarantees and transport reliability. Use DCB to help enforce bandwidth allocation on a Converged Network Adapter for offloaded storage traffic such as Internet Small Computer System Interface, RDMA over Converged Ethernet, and Fibre Channel over Ethernet.
Direct-Play Direct Play Direct Play component.
EnhancedStorage Enhanced Storage Enhanced Storage enables support for accessing additional functions made available by Enhanced Storage devices. Enhanced Storage devices have built-in safety features that let you control who can access the data on the device.
Failover-Clustering Failover Clustering Failover Clustering allows multiple servers to work together to provide high availability of server roles. Failover Clustering is often used for File Services, virtual machines, database applications, and mail applications.
GPMC Group Policy Management Group Policy Management is a scriptable Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in, providing a single administrative tool for managing Group Policy across the enterprise. Group Policy Management is the standard tool for managing Group Policy.
InkAndHandwritingServices Ink and Handwriting Services Ink and Handwriting Services includes Ink Support and Handwriting Recognition. Ink Support provides pen/stylus support, including pen flicks support and APIs for calling handwriting recognition. Handwriting Recognition provides handwriting recognizers for a number of languages. After you install it, these components can be called by an application through the handwriting recognition APIs.
Internet-Print-Client Internet Printing Client Internet Printing Client enables clients to use Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) to connect and print to printers on the network or Internet.
IPAM IP Address Management (IPAM) Server IP Address Management (IPAM) Server provides a central framework for managing your IP address space and corresponding infrastructure servers such as DHCP and DNS. IPAM supports automated discovery of infrastructure servers in an Active Directory forest. IPAM allows you to manage your dynamic and static IPv4 and IPv6 address space, tracks IP address utilization trends, and supports monitoring and management of DNS and DHCP services on your network.
ISNS iSNS Server service Internet Storage Name Server (iSNS) provides discovery services for Internet Small Computer System Interface (iSCSI) storage area networks. iSNS processes registration requests, deregistration requests, and queries from iSNS clients.
LPR-Port-Monitor LPR Port Monitor Line Printer Remote (LPR) Port Monitor enables the computer to print to printers that are shared using any Line Printer Daemon (LPD) service. (LPD service is commonly used by UNIX-based computers and printer-sharing devices.)
ManagementOdata Management OData IIS Extension Management OData IIS Extension is a framework for easily exposing Windows PowerShell cmdlets through an ODATA-based web service running under IIS. After enabling this feature, the user must provide a schema file (which contains definitions of the resources to be exposed) and an implementation of callback interfaces to make the web service functional.
Server-Media-Foundation Media Foundation Media Foundation, which includes Windows Media Foundation, the Windows Media Format SDK, and a server subset of DirectShow, provides the infrastructure required for applications and services to transcode, analyze, and generate thumbnails for media files. Media Foundation is required by the Desktop Experience.
MSMQ Message Queuing Message Queuing provides guaranteed message delivery, efficient routing, security, and priority-based messaging between applications. Message Queuing also accommodates message delivery between applications that run on different operating systems, use dissimilar network infrastructures, are temporarily offline, or that are running at different times.
MSMQ-Services Message Queuing Services Message Queuing Services provides guaranteed message delivery, efficient routing, security, and priority-based messaging between applications. Message Queuing also accommodates message delivery between applications that run on different operating systems, use dissimilar network infrastructures, are temporarily offline, or that are running at different times.
MSMQ-Server Message Queuing Server Message Queuing Server provides guaranteed message delivery, efficient routing, security, and priority-based messaging. It can be used to implement solutions for both asynchronous and synchronous messaging scenarios.
MSMQ-Directory Directory Service Integration Directory Service Integration enables publishing of queue properties to the directory, authentication and encryption of messages using certificates registered in the directory, and routing of messages across directory sites.
MSMQ-HTTP-Support HTTP Support HTTP Support enables the sending of messages over HTTP.
MSMQ-Triggers Message Queuing Triggers Message Queuing Triggers enables the invocation of a COM component or an executable depending on the filters that you define for the incoming messages in a given queue.
MSMQ-Multicasting Multicasting Support Multicasting Support enables queuing and sending of multicast messages to a multicast IP address.
MSMQ-Routing Routing Service Routing Service routes messages between different sites and within a site.
MSMQ-DCOM Message Queuing DCOM Proxy Message Queuing DCOM Proxy enables this computer to act as a DCOM client of a remote Message Queuing server.
Multipath-IO Multipath I/O Multipath I/O, along with the Microsoft Device Specific Module (DSM) or a third-party DSM, provides support for using multiple data paths to a storage device on Windows.
NLB Network Load Balancing Network Load Balancing (NLB) distributes traffic across several servers, using the TCP/IP networking protocol. NLB is particularly useful for ensuring that stateless applications, such as Web servers running Internet Information Services (IIS), are scalable by adding additional servers as the load increases.
PNRP Peer Name Resolution Protocol Peer Name Resolution Protocol allows applications to register and resolve names on your computer so that other computers can communicate with these applications.
qWave Quality Windows Audio Video Experience Quality Windows Audio Video Experience (qWave) is a networking platform for audio video (AV) streaming applications on IP home networks. qWave enhances AV streaming performance and reliability by ensuring network quality-of-service (QoS) for AV applications. It provides mechanisms for admission control, run time monitoring and enforcement, application feedback, and traffic prioritization. On Windows Server platforms, qWave provides only rate-of-flow and prioritization services.
CMAK RAS Connection Manager Administration Kit (CMAK) Create profiles for connecting to remote servers and networks.
Remote-Assistance Remote Assistance Remote Assistance enables you (or a support person) to help users with PC issues or questions. You can view and get control of the user's desktop to troubleshoot and fix problems. Users can also ask for help from friends or co-workers.
RDC Remote Differential Compression Remote Differential Compression computes and transfers the differences between two objects over a network using minimal bandwidth.
RSAT Remote Server Administration Tools Remote Server Administration Tools includes snap-ins and command-line tools for remotely managing roles and features.
RSAT-Feature-Tools Feature Administration Tools Feature Administration Tools includes snap-ins and command-line tools for remotely managing features.
RSAT-SMTP SMTP Server Tools SMTP Server Tools includes the Internet Information Services (IIS) 6.0 Manager snap-in.
RSAT-Feature-Tools-BitLocker BitLocker Drive Encryption Administration Utilities BitLocker Drive Encryption Administration Utilities include snap-ins and command-line tools for managing BitLocker Drive Encryption features.
RSAT-Feature-Tools-BitLocker-RemoteAdminTool BitLocker Drive Encryption Tools BitLocker Drive Encryption Tools include the command line tools manage-bde and repair-bde and the BitLocker cmdlets for Windows PowerShell.
RSAT-Feature-Tools-BitLocker-BdeAducExt BitLocker Recovery Password Viewer BitLocker Recovery Password Viewer helps locate BitLocker Drive Encryption recovery passwords for Windows-based computers in Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS).
RSAT-Bits-Server BITS Server Extensions Tools BITS Server Extensions Tools includes the Internet Information Services (IIS) 6.0 Manager and IIS Manager snap-ins.
RSAT-Clustering Failover Clustering Tools Failover Clustering Tools include the Failover Cluster Manager snap-in, the Cluster-Aware Updating interface, and the Failover Cluster module for Windows PowerShell. Additional tools are the Failover Cluster Automation Server and the Failover Cluster Command Interface.
RSAT-Clustering-Mgmt Failover Cluster Management Tools Failover Cluster Management Tools include the Failover Cluster Manager snap-in and the Cluster-Aware Updating interface.
RSAT-Clustering-PowerShell Failover Cluster Module for Windows PowerShell The Failover Cluster Module for Windows PowerShell includes Windows PowerShell cmdlets for managing failover clusters. It also includes the Cluster-Aware Updating module for Windows PowerShell, for installing software updates on failover clusters.
RSAT-Clustering-AutomationServer Failover Cluster Automation Server Failover Cluster Automation Server is the deprecated Component Object Model (COM) programmatic interface, MSClus.
RSAT-Clustering-CmdInterface Failover Cluster Command Interface Failover Cluster Command Interface is the deprecated cluster.exe command-line tool for Failover Clustering. This tool has been replaced by the Failover Clustering module for Windows PowerShell.
IPAM-Client-Feature IP Address Management (IPAM) Client IP Address Management (IPAM) Client is used to connect to and manage a local or remote IPAM server. IPAM provides a central framework for managing IP address space and corresponding infrastructure servers such as DHCP and DNS in an Active Directory forest.
RSAT-NLB Network Load Balancing Tools Network Load Balancing Tools includes the Network Load Balancing Manager snap-in, the Network Load Balancing module for Windows PowerShell, and the nlb.exe and wlbs.exe command-line tools.
RSAT-SNMP SNMP Tools Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Tools includes tools for managing SNMP.
RSAT-WINS WINS Server Tools WINS Server Tools includes the WINS Manager snap-in and command-line tool for managing the WINS Server.
RSAT-Role-Tools Role Administration Tools Role Administration Tools includes snap-ins and command-line tools for remotely managing roles.
RSAT-AD-Tools AD DS and AD LDS Tools Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) and Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) Tools includes snap-ins and command-line tools for remotely managing AD DS and AD LDS.
RSAT-AD-PowerShell Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell The Active Directory module for Windows PowerShel and the tools it provides can be used by Active Directory administrators to manage Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) at the command line.
RSAT-ADDS AD DS Tools Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) Tools includes snap-ins and command-line tools for remotely managing AD DS.
RSAT-AD-AdminCenter Active Directory Administrative Center Active Directory Administrative Center provides users and network administrators with an enhanced Active Directory data management experience and a rich graphical user interface (GUI) to perform common Active Directory object management tasks.
RSAT-ADDS-Tools AD DS Snap-Ins and Command-Line Tools Active Directory Domain Services Snap-Ins and Command-Line Tools includes Active Directory Users and Computers, Active Directory Domains and Trusts, Active Directory Sites and Services, and other snap-ins and command-line tools for remotely managing Active Directory domain controllers.
RSAT-NIS Server for NIS Tools [DEPRECATED] Server for Network Information Services (NIS) Tools is deprecated beginning with this release. You should begin planning now to use alternate methods for any applications, code, or scenarios that depend on this feature.Server for Network Information Services Tools includes an extension to the Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in, and the ypclear.exe command-line tool. For more information, see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=217355.
RSAT-ADLDS AD LDS Snap-Ins and Command-Line Tools Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) Snap-Ins and Command-Line Tools includes Active Directory Sites and Services, ADSI Edit, Schema Manager, and other snap-ins and command-line tools for managing AD LDS.
RSAT-Hyper-V-Tools Hyper-V Management Tools Hyper-V Management Tools includes GUI and command-line tools for managing Hyper-V.
Hyper-V-Tools Hyper-V GUI Management Tools Hyper-V GUI Management Tools includes the Hyper-V Manager snap-in and Virtual Machine Connection tool.
Hyper-V-PowerShell Hyper-V Module for Windows PowerShell Hyper-V Module for Windows PowerShell includes Windows PowerShell cmdlets for managing Hyper-V.
RSAT-RDS-Tools Remote Desktop Services Tools Remote Desktop Services Tools includes the snap-ins for managing Remote Desktop Services.
RSAT-RDS-Gateway Remote Desktop Gateway Tools Remote Desktop Gateway Tools helps you manage and monitor RD Gateway server status and events. By using Remote Desktop Gateway Manager, you can specify events (such as unsuccessful connection attempts to the RD Gateway server) that you want to monitor for auditing purposes.
RSAT-RDS-Licensing-Diagnosis-UI Remote Desktop Licensing Diagnoser Tools Remote Desktop Licensing Diagnoser Tools helps you determine which license servers the RD Session Host server or RD Virtualization Host server is configured to use, and whether those license servers have licenses available to issue to users or computing devices that are connecting to the servers.
RDS-Licensing-UI Remote Desktop Licensing Tools Remote Desktop Licensing Tools helps you manage the licenses required to connect to a Remote Desktop Session Host server or a virtual desktop. You can use RD Licensing to install, issue, and track the availability of licenses.
UpdateServices-RSAT Windows Server Update Services Tools Windows Server Update Services Tools includes graphical and Powershell tools for managing WSUS.
UpdateServices-API API and PowerShell cmdlets Installs the .NET API and PowerShell cmdlets for remote management, automated task creation, and managing WSUS from the command line.
UpdateServices-UI User Interface Management Console Installs the WSUS Management Console user interface (UI).
RSAT-ADCS Active Directory Certificate Services Tools Active Directory Certificate Services Tools includes the Certification Authority, Certificate Templates, Enterprise PKI, and Online Responder Management snap-ins.
RSAT-ADCS-Mgmt Certification Authority Management Tools Active Directory Certification Authority Management Tools includes the Certification Authority, Certificate Templates, and Enterprise PKI snap-ins.
RSAT-Online-Responder Online Responder Tools Online Responder Tools includes the Online Responder Management snap-in.
RSAT-ADRMS Active Directory Rights Management Services Tools Active Directory Rights Management Services Tools includes the Active Directory Rights Management Services snap-in.
RSAT-DHCP DHCP Server Tools DHCP Server Tools includes the DHCP MMC snap-in, DHCP server netsh context and Windows PowerShell module for DHCP Server.
RSAT-DNS-Server DNS Server Tools DNS Server Tools includes the DNS Manager snap-in, dnscmd.exe command-line tool and Windows PowerShell module for DNS Server.
RSAT-Fax Fax Server Tools Fax Server Tools includes the Fax Service Manager snap-in.
RSAT-File-Services File Services Tools File Services Tools includes snap-ins and command-line tools for remotely managing File Services.
RSAT-DFS-Mgmt-Con DFS Management Tools Includes the DFS Management snap-in, DFS Replication service, DFS Namespaces PowerShell commands, and the dfsutil, dfscmd, dfsdiag, dfsradmin, and dfsrdiag commands.
RSAT-FSRM-Mgmt File Server Resource Manager Tools Includes the File Server Resource Manager snap-in and the dirquota, filescrn, and storrept commands.
RSAT-NFS-Admin Services for Network File System Management Tools Includes the Network File System snap-in and the nfsadmin, showmount, and rpcinfo commands.
RSAT-CoreFile-Mgmt Share and Storage Management Tool Includes the Share and Storage Management snap-in, which lets you create and modify network shares and manage the physical disks on a server.
RSAT-NPAS Network Policy and Access Services Tools Network Policy and Access Services Tools includes the Network Policy Server and Health Registration Authority snap-ins.
RSAT-Print-Services Print and Document Services Tools Print and Document Services Tools includes the Print Management snap-in.
RSAT-RemoteAccess Remote Access Management Tools Remote Access Management Tools includes graphical and PowerShell tools for managing Remote Access.
RSAT-RemoteAccess-Mgmt Remote Access GUI and Command-Line Tools Includes the Remote Access GUI and Command-Line Tools. Remote Access administrators can use the tools to manage Remote Access.
RSAT-RemoteAccess-PowerShell Remote Access module for Windows PowerShell Includes the Remote Access provider and cmdlets. Remote Access administrators can use the Windows PowerShell environment and the tools it provides to manage Remote Access at the command line.
RSAT-VA-Tools Volume Activation Tools Volume Activation Tools console can be used to manage volume activation license keys on a Key Management Service (KMS) host or in Active Directory Domain Services. You can use the Volume Activation Tools to install, activate, and manage one or more volume activation license keys, and to configure KMS settings.
WDS-AdminPack Windows Deployment Services Tools Windows Deployment Services Tools includes the Windows Deployment Services snap-in, wdsutil.exe command-line tool, and Remote Install extension for the Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in.
RPC-over-HTTP-Proxy RPC over HTTP Proxy Remote Procedure Call (RPC) over HTTP Proxy relays RPC traffic from client applications over HTTP to the server as an alternative to clients accessing the server over a VPN connection.
Simple-TCPIP Simple TCP/IP Services Simple TCP/IP Services supports the following TCP/IP services: Character Generator, Daytime, Discard, Echo and Quote of the Day. Simple TCP/IP Services is provided for backward compatibility and should not be installed unless it is required.
FS-SMB1 SMB 1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support Support for the SMB 1.0/CIFS file sharing protocol, and the Computer Browser protocol.
FS-SMBBW SMB Bandwidth Limit SMB Bandwidth Limit provides a mechanism to track SMB traffic per category (Default, Hyper-V or Live Migration) and allows you to limit the amount of traffic allowed for a given category. It is commonly used to limit the bandwidth used by Live Migration over SMB.
SMTP-Server SMTP Server SMTP Server supports the transfer of e-mail messages between e-mail systems.
SNMP-Service SNMP Service Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Service includes agents that monitor the activity in network devices and report to the network console workstation.
SNMP-WMI-Provider SNMP WMI Provider SNMP Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) Provider enables WMI client scripts and applications to access SNMP information. Clients can use WMI C++ interfaces and scripting objects to communicate with network devices that use the SNMP protocol and can receive SNMP traps as WMI events.
Telnet-Client Telnet Client Telnet Client uses the Telnet protocol to connect to a remote Telnet server and run applications on that server.
Telnet-Server Telnet Server Telnet Server allows remote users to perform command-line administration and run programs using a Telnet client, including UNIX-based clients.
TFTP-Client TFTP Client Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) Client is used to read files from, or write files to, a remote TFTP server. TFTP is primarily used by embedded devices or systems that retrieve firmware, configuration information, or a system image during the boot process from a TFTP server.
User-Interfaces-Infra User Interfaces and Infrastructure This contains the available User Experience and Infrastructure options.
Server-Gui-Mgmt-Infra Graphical Management Tools and Infrastructure Graphical Management Tools and Infrastructure includes infrastructure and a minimal server interface that supports GUI management tools.
Desktop-Experience Desktop Experience Desktop Experience includes features of Windows 8, such as Windows Media Player, desktop themes, and photo management. Desktop Experience does not enable any of the Windows 8 features; you must manually enable them.
Server-Gui-Shell Server Graphical Shell Server Graphical Shell provides the full Windows graphical user interface for server, including File Explorer and Internet Explorer. Uninstalling the shell reduces the servicing footprint of the installation, while leaving the ability to run local GUI management tools, as part of the minimal server interface.
Biometric-Framework Windows Biometric Framework Windows Biometric Framework (WBF) allows fingerprint devices to be used to identify and verify identities and to sign in to Windows. WBF includes the components required to enable the use of fingerprint devices.
WFF Windows Feedback Forwarder Windows Feedback Forwarder enables you to automatically and securely send feedback to Microsoft after setting a group policy on an organizational unit. After configuring the group policy, and joining the Customer Experience Improvement Program (CEIP), Windows periodically collects and uploads statistical information. The collected information is not used to identify or contact you or your company.
Windows-Identity-Foundation Windows Identity Foundation 3.5 Windows Identity Foundation (WIF) 3.5 is a set of .NET Framework classes that can be used for implementing claims-based identity in your .NET 3.5 and 4.0 applications. WIF 3.5 has been superseded by WIF classes that are provided as part of .NET 4.5. It is recommended that you use .NET 4.5 for supporting claims-based identity in your applications.
Windows-Internal-Database Windows Internal Database Windows Internal Database is a relational data store that can be used only by Windows roles and features, such as Active Directory Rights Management Services, Windows Server Update Services, and Windows System Resource Manager.
PowerShellRoot Windows PowerShell Windows PowerShell enables you to automate local and remote Windows administration. This task-based command-line shell and scripting language is built on the Microsoft .NET Framework. It includes hundreds of built-in commands and lets you write and distribute your own commands and scripts.
PowerShell Windows PowerShell 4.0 Windows PowerShell enables you to automate local and remote Windows administration. This task-based command-line shell and scripting language is built on the Microsoft .NET Framework. It includes hundreds of built-in commands and lets you write and distribute your own commands and scripts.
DSC-Service PowerShell Desired State Configuration Service PowerShell Desired State Configuration Service supports configuration management of multiple nodes from a single repository.
PowerShell-V2 Windows PowerShell 2.0 Engine Windows PowerShell 2.0 Engine includes the core components from Windows PowerShell 2.0 for backward compatibility with existing Windows PowerShell host applications.
PowerShell-ISE Windows PowerShell ISE Windows PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment (ISE) lets you compose, edit, and debug scripts and run multi-line interactive commands in a graphical environment. Features include IntelliSense, tab completion, snippets, color-coded syntax, line numbering, selective execution, graphical debugging, right-to-left language and Unicode support.
WindowsPowerShellWebAccess Windows PowerShell Web Access Windows PowerShell Web Access lets a server act as a web gateway, through which an organization's users can manage remote computers by running Windows PowerShell sessions in a web browser. After Windows PowerShell Web Access is installed, an administrator completes the gateway configuration in the Web Server (IIS) management console.
WAS Windows Process Activation Service Windows Process Activation Service generalizes the IIS process model, removing the dependency on HTTP. All the features of IIS that were previously available only to HTTP applications are now available to applications hosting Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) services, using non-HTTP protocols. IIS 8.5 also uses Windows Process Activation Service for message-based activation over HTTP.
WAS-Process-Model Process Model Process Model hosts Web and WCF services. Introduced with IIS 6.0, the process model is a new architecture that features rapid failure protection, health monitoring, and recycling. Windows Process Activation Service Process Model removes the dependency on HTTP.
WAS-NET-Environment .NET Environment 3.5 .NET Environment supports managed code activation in the process model.
WAS-Config-APIs Configuration APIs Configuration APIs enable applications that are built using the .NET Framework to configure Windows Process Activation Model programmatically. This lets the application developer automatically configure Windows Process Activation Model settings when the application runs instead of requiring the administrator to manually configure these settings.
Search-Service Windows Search Service Windows Search Service provides fast file searches on a server from clients that are compatible with Windows Search Service. Windows Search Service is intended for desktop search or small file server scenarios, and not for enterprise scenarios.
Windows-Server-Backup Windows Server Backup Windows Server Backup allows you to back up and recover your operating system, applications and data. You can schedule backups, and protect the entire server or specific volumes.
Migration Windows Server Migration Tools Windows Server Migration Tools includes Windows PowerShell cmdlets that facilitate migration of server roles, operating system settings, files, and shares from computers that are running earlier versions of Windows Server or Windows Server 2012 to computers that are running Windows Server 2012.
WindowsStorageManagementService Windows Standards-Based Storage Management Windows Standards-Based Storage Management provides the ability to discover, manage, and monitor storage devices using management interfaces that conform to the SMI-S standard. This functionality is exposed as a set of Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) classes and Windows PowerShell cmdlets.
Windows-TIFF-IFilter Windows TIFF IFilter Windows TIFF IFilter (Tagged Image File Format Index Filter) performs OCR (Optical Character Recognition) on TIFF 6.0-compliant files (.TIF and .TIFF extensions) and in that way enables indexing and full text search of those files.
WinRM-IIS-Ext WinRM IIS Extension Windows Remote Management (WinRM) IIS Extension enables a server to receive a management request from a client by using WS-Management. WinRM is the Microsoft implementation of the WS-Management protocol which provides a secure way to communicate with local and remote computers by using Web services.
WINS WINS Server Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) Server provides a distributed database for registering and querying dynamic mappings of NetBIOS names for computers and groups used on your network. WINS maps NetBIOS names to IP addresses and solves the problems arising from NetBIOS name resolution in routed environments.
Wireless-Networking Wireless LAN Service Wireless LAN (WLAN) Service configures and starts the WLAN AutoConfig service, regardless of whether the computer has any wireless adapters. WLAN AutoConfig enumerates wireless adapters, and manages both wireless connections and the wireless profiles that contain the settings required to configure a wireless client to connect to a wireless network.
WoW64-Support WoW64 Support Includes all of WoW64 to support running 32-bit applications on Server Core installations. This feature is required for full Server installations. Uninstalling WoW64 Support will convert a full Server installation into a Server Core installation.
XPS-Viewer XPS Viewer The XPS Viewer is used to read, set permissions for, and digitally sign XPS documents.

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