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How can I check a Windows XP or Windows Server 2003 volume for errors without taking it offline?

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Posted On 2005-11-1 by FortyPoundHead
Keywords: Check Windows XP 2003 Volume
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When you run ChkDsk without taking a volume offline, the results are NOT accurate.

You can use the Vrfydsk.exe tool to check the integrity and consistency of a specified volume.

NOTE: See Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit Tools can be installed on Windows XP.

NOTE: Vrfydsk.exe cannot fix any errors it reports. To fix any errors, use ChkDsk.exe with the /F or /R switch.

When you type Vrfydsk /?, you see:

Checks a disk and displays a status report.

VRFYDSK [volume[path]] [/V] [/I] [/C]

volume Specifies the drive letter (followed by a colon), mount point, or volume name.


/V On NTFS: Displays cleanup messages if any.

/I NTFS only: Performs a less vigorous check of index entries.

/C NTFS only: Skips checking of cycles within the folder structure.

The /I or /C switch reduces the amount of time required to run Chkdsk by skipping certain checks of the volume.

To check the C: drive:

1. Open a CMD.EXE window.
2. Type vrfydsk C: /V and press Enter.

NOTE: Vrfydsk.exe uses the Volume Shadow Copy service to create a temporary reduced shadow copy of the volume, which it checks

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