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8 Ways to Fix Windows File Explorer Performance Issues


File Explorer is an essential part of the Windows operating system, allowing users to browse, manage, and organize their files and folders. However, many Windows 11 users have reported experiencing issues with File Explorer being slow or unresponsive. If you’re facing these problems, don’t worry – there are several effective solutions to help you get File Explorer back on track.

1. Restart File Explorer

One of the simplest and quickest ways to resolve issues with File Explorer is to restart it. Here’s how:

  • Open Task Manager: Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc or right-click the taskbar and select "Task Manager."
  • Find File Explorer: In the Task Manager window, look for "Windows Explorer" under the "Processes" tab.
  • Restart: Right-click on "Windows Explorer" and select "Restart."

This will refresh File Explorer and can often resolve temporary glitches.

2. Clear File Explorer History

File Explorer keeps a history of your recent searches and file accesses. Over time, this can slow down the application. Clearing the history can help:

  • Open File Explorer Options: Press Windows + E to open File Explorer, click on the three dots (ellipsis) in the toolbar, and select "Options."
  • Clear History: In the "General" tab, under "Privacy," click on "Clear" next to "Clear File Explorer history."

3. Disable Quick Access

Quick Access shows your frequently used folders and recently accessed files, but it can slow down File Explorer. You can disable it as follows:

  • Open File Explorer Options: Follow the steps mentioned above to open the File Explorer options.
  • Change Settings: In the "General" tab, set "Open File Explorer to:" from "Quick access" to "This PC."
  • Uncheck Options: Uncheck "Show recently used files in Quick access" and "Show frequently used folders in Quick access."

4. Update Windows

Microsoft regularly releases updates to improve system performance and fix bugs. Ensure your system is up to date:

  • Open Settings: Press Windows + I to open Settings.
  • Update Windows: Go to "Update & Security," then "Windows Update," and click on "Check for updates."

5. Check for System File Corruption

Corrupted system files can cause File Explorer to behave erratically. Use the System File Checker (SFC) tool to scan and repair these files:

  • Open Command Prompt: Press Windows + S, type "cmd," right-click "Command Prompt," and select "Run as administrator."
  • Run SFC: In the Command Prompt window, type sfc /scannow and press Enter.

This process may take some time, and it will attempt to repair any corrupted files it finds.

6. Adjust Folder Optimization

File Explorer optimizes folders for specific types of files, but incorrect optimization can cause slowdowns. Adjusting folder optimization can help:

  • Right-Click the Folder: Right-click the folder you’re having trouble with and select "Properties."
  • Adjust Optimization: Go to the "Customize" tab, and under "Optimize this folder for," select the appropriate type (e.g., General items, Documents, Pictures, etc.).
  • Apply to Subfolders: Check "Also apply this template to all subfolders" and click "OK."

7. Disable Unnecessary Startup Programs

Too many programs running at startup can slow down your entire system, including File Explorer. Manage your startup programs:

  • Open Task Manager: Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc to open Task Manager.
  • Manage Startup Programs: Go to the "Startup" tab, right-click on unnecessary programs, and select "Disable."

8. Check for Malware

Malware can cause various performance issues, including slowing down File Explorer. Use Windows Security or any reputable third-party antivirus software to scan for malware:

  • Open Windows Security: Press Windows + I to open Settings, go to "Update & Security," then "Windows Security," and select "Virus & threat protection."
  • Run a Full Scan: Click on "Scan options" and select "Full scan" to check your system thoroughly.

By following these steps, you can significantly improve the performance of File Explorer in Windows 11. Whether it’s a simple restart, clearing history, updating your system, or scanning for malware, these solutions address the most common causes of slow or unresponsive File Explorer behavior. Keep your system maintained and regularly check for updates to ensure optimal performance. If issues persist, consider seeking professional technical support for more advanced troubleshooting.

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Posted: 2024-06-02
By: dwirch
Viewed: 69 times

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