Top 10 Cybersecurity Flaws: A Guide by NSA and CISA
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Two major US security bodies, the NSA and the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), have outlined the ten most prevalent cybersecurity vulnerabilities. The goal is to enhance the fundamental security measures across both public and private entities.
This report is a synthesis of data gathered from their red and blue team evaluations, as well as insights from hunt and incident response operations spanning various sectors.
The agencies highlighted a concerning pattern of consistent vulnerabilities in numerous major organizations. They emphasized the necessity for software developers to prioritize secure-by-design approaches to mitigate compromise risks.
The ten most common misconfigurations include:
- Default settings in software and applications.
- Inadequate distinction between user and administrator rights.
- Limited internal network surveillance.
- Absence of network segmentation.
- Ineffective patch management.
- System access controls being bypassed.
- Flawed or inadequately set-up multifactor authentication (MFA).
- Inadequate access control lists (ACLs) for network shares and services.
- Poor management of login credentials.
- Unrestricted execution of code.
Additionally, the report offers a comprehensive list of countermeasures tailored for network protectors and software developers. This aims to bolster national cybersecurity.
The report firmly states that such vulnerabilities are frequently encountered during assessments, and the specified techniques are the go-to for several malicious entities, leading to countless genuine network breaches.
The concluding advice is: "Benefit from the shortcomings of others; employ the aforementioned safeguards meticulously to shield networks, their confidential data, and vital functions."
However, the looming question remains: Amid budget constraints, will organizations, particularly within the private sector, allocate adequate resources and prioritize these recommendations?
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